• Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture (map)
  • 4331 Memorial Way Northeast
  • Seattle, WA, 98105
  • United States

Trade among indigenous people of the Northwest was systematic and widespread. Annual gatherings on the Nch'i-Wana (“Great River”), also known as the Columbia River, drew people from an area that spanned 1000 miles to trade blankets, baskets, stories, songs, and stone for arrows, spears and tools.

The people of the North Cascades were an important part of the Northwest trade network, producing stone tools made of Hozomeen Chert found only in the North Cascades region. Archaeologist Bob Mierendorf studied Hozomeen Chert in the North Cascades for 25 years. He will review what stone tools tell us about how people lived in the Wild Nearby and the greater Northwest for thousands of years. 

Bob Mierendorf has done field archaeology in Arizona, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Utah, and British Columbia.  Until retirement in 2013, he served as park archaeologist at North Cascades National Park for 25 years.  His research includes pre-contact history of indigenous Northwest mountain peoples, Pleistocene and Holocene archeology, paleoecology, and the natural history of the North Cascades.  He has authored professional journal articles and technical and non-technical publications on North Cascades and Northwest Native American archaeology.